Best Practice Actions
- Adopt zoning codes to allow, encourage or require the type of development envisioned in the adopted vision and plan (e.g. include minimum densities, consider form based zoning codes and subarea plans to provide more detail).
- Address urban design issues through use of design standards.
- Encourage green building standards should be encouraged and integrated into design standards as much as possible.
- Pay attention to design standard details: for example, include sustainability and crime prevention through environmental design strategies. Implementation may include the development of: gathering places such as small public parks, farmers markets, plazas, sites for public art, distinct character in different parts of city or from neighboring cities, parking management (# of stalls, internal and external costs), lighting, and signage.
- Address operational design standards, e.g. freight deliveries, garbage storage and pick up, recycling, light and glare, noise, parking lot sweeping to reduce impacts.
- Use streamlined planning actions (e.g., permitting) to get the type of development you want where you want it.
Benefits of Mix Land Uses
- Provide a base for transit oriented development.
- Promote walking, biking and use of transit within neighborhoods.
- Reduce travel distances, enable “linked trips” where one trip provides for many activities, and allow drivers to park once and then get around easily on foot.
- Encourage social interaction as people fulfil more of their needs in their local area.
- Provide a mix of public spaces to cater to a range of users (children through to older adults).
- Support “placemaking”.
- Add commercial to a residential development for elevated sales and property taxes.
- Spur revitalization.
- Enhance an area’s unique identity and development potential.
- Increase revenue.
- Provide the 3Ds—population density, land use diversity, and pedestrian friendly design that are a potentially promising factor to prevent obesity.
- Create more walkable neighborhoods that promote lower obesity rates and healthier communities. (Brown 2009)
Tools & Resources
Connection to State Policy
Redevelopment of a former rail yard overlooking the Spokane River into a high density, mixed use neighborhood within a short walk from Downtown Spokane.
A master plan to redevelop a former airport site in hear heart of Kennewick into a mixed use urban village that includes a mix of high to medium density residential homes with small scale neighborhood and destination commercial and cultural uses.